- Persia is the old name for the country now called Iran. Reza Shah Pahlavi changed the name to Iran, the land of the Aryans, in 1935. The name Persia comes from the country's southern province, Fars, from where the Achaemenids came to establish the original Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great in 550 BCE. Persian (Farsi) is the national language of Iran, but many of its people speak variants of Turkish, Kurdish, and Arabic. Kurdish is related to Persian. Historically, Persia has been closely associated with the Kurds, who are ethnically related to the Persians but ethnically distinct from the Arabs and Turks.In 1514, the Ottoman sultan Selim Yavuz (the Grim) defeated Shah Ismail of the Safavid Persians at the famous Battle of Chal-diran northeast of Lake Van in what is now eastern Turkey. In the succeeding centuries, Kurdistan became a frontier between the two empires and suffered accordingly. In addition, both empires deported entire Kurdish tribes. Their descendants still live today in areas south of Ankara, Turkey, and in the province of Khorasan, Iran, some 1,000 miles east of their original homeland and even farther east in Afghanistan's Hindu Kush Mountains. The Treaty of Zuhab in 1639 established the boundary that basically still exists today between Turkey and Iran.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia Persia … Catholic encyclopedia
PERSIA — (Heb. פָּרָס, Paras), empire whose home coincided roughly with that of the province of Fars in modern Iran. Its inhabitants, calling themselves Persians, are first mentioned in Assyrian records of approximately 640 B.C.E. According to these… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Persia — Die Persia im Hafen von Aden (Postkarte) Schiffsdaten Flagge: … Deutsch Wikipedia
PERSIA — quae Persis Ptol. Plin. l. 6. c. 25. et Melae, l. 1. c. 2. Farstan, et Farsistan incolis, teste Castaldô, Provincia Asiae notissima atque clarissima, inter Susianam ad occasum, et Carmaniam ad ortum; atque inter Parthiam ad Boream et sinum… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Persia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Extensión del Imperio Aqueménida hacia el 500 a. C … Wikipedia Español
Persia — Persia, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 363 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Persia, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 363 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Persia — Persia, s. Persien 1) … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Persĭa — Persĭa, gröberes und bedrucktes Jutegewebe für Decken, Portieren u. dgl … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Persia — [pʉr′zhə, pʉr′shə] [L < Gr Persais < OPers Pārsa] 1. former name for IRAN1 2. PERSIAN EMPIRE … English World dictionary